Dermatology

Dermatology is the study of the skin and its associated structures, including the hair, nails, sweat glands etc. and of their diseases. The Dermatology department also includes different subspecialties like,

  • Dermatological surgery
  • Cosmetology
  • Dermatooncology
  • Phlebology
  • Allergology
  • Dermatopathology, etc.

What causes Skin disorders?

The skin is the boundary between ourselves and the world around us. It is an important sense organ, and controls heat and water loss. Usually, it adapts easily and returns to a normal state, but sometimes it fails to do so, and a skin disorder appears. Some of the internal and external factors that are important causes of skin disease are:


External factors

  • Allergens
  • Sunshine
  • Heat and colds
  • Chemicals
  • Infections
  • Trauma frictions

Internal factors

  • Psychological factors
  • Genetic factors
  • Internal diseases
  • Drugs
  • Infections

Skin Lesions

Skin lesions are also treated by Dermatologists. Skin lesions are divided into two groups – primary and secondary


Primary

  • Macule
  • Papule
  • Plaque
  • Nodule
  • Pustule
  • Vesicle
  • Bullae
  • Wheal [ hive ]

Secondary

  • Scale
  • Crust
  • Erosion
  • Ulcer
  • Fissure
  • Atrophy
  • Scar

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