Best Neurologist Hospital in Chengalpattu


What is Neurology?

Neurology is the branch of medicine which specializes in the study and treatment of disorders of the nervous system. The nervous system is a complex, sophisticated system that regulates and coordinates body activities. It has two major divisions:

  • Central nervous system: the brain and spinal cord.
  • Peripheral nervous system: sensory receptors like eyes, ears, skin etc

A doctor who specializes in neurology is called a neurologist. Before they can practice, neurologists must graduate from medical school, complete an internship and receive three years of training in a Neurology residency program.

The neurologist conducts tests and treats disorders that will affect the brain, spinal cord, and nerves. Symptoms that commonly require a neurologist intervention includes: coordination problems, muscle weakness, a change in sensation, confusion and dizziness.

People who are having issues and conditions relating to their senses, such as touch, vision, or smell, might also need to see a neurologist. Problems with senses are sometimes caused by the nervous system disorders.

Neurologists also see patients with:

  • Seizure disorders, such as epilepsy
  • Stroke
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Neuromuscular disorders, such as myasthenia gravis
  • Infections of the nervous system, including encephalitis, meningitis, or brain abscesses
  • Spinal cord disorders
  • Headaches, like cluster headaches and migraines

Neurologists, generally do not perform surgery. If one of their patients requires any surgery, they refer them to a neurosurgeon.

During a patient’s first appointment with a neurologist, he/she will likely perform a physical exam and a neurological exam. A neurological exam will test the patient’s muscle strength, reflexes, and coordination. Since different disorders can have similar symptoms, the neurologist would need more testing to come to a diagnosis.

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