Neurology is the branch of medicine which specializes in the study and treatment of disorders of the nervous system. The nervous system is a complex, sophisticated system that regulates and coordinates body activities. It has two major divisions:
A doctor who specializes in neurology is called a neurologist. Before they can practice, neurologists must graduate from medical school, complete an internship and receive three years of training in a Neurology residency program.
The neurologist conducts tests and treats disorders that will affect the brain, spinal cord, and nerves. Symptoms that commonly require a neurologist intervention includes: coordination problems, muscle weakness, a change in sensation, confusion and dizziness.
People who are having issues and conditions relating to their senses, such as touch, vision, or smell, might also need to see a neurologist. Problems with senses are sometimes caused by the nervous system disorders.
Neurologists also see patients with:
Neurologists, generally do not perform surgery. If one of their patients requires any surgery, they refer them to a neurosurgeon.
During a patient’s first appointment with a neurologist, he/she will likely perform a physical exam and a neurological exam. A neurological exam will test the patient’s muscle strength, reflexes, and coordination. Since different disorders can have similar symptoms, the neurologist would need more testing to come to a diagnosis.